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Whereas Homans focused on reinforcement principles which believe individual's base their next social move on past experiences, Blau's utilitarian focus encouraged the theorist to look forward as in what they anticipated the reward would be in regards to their next social interaction.Richard Emerson's early work on the theory intertwined with both Homans and Blau's ideas.Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social | Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology | Social psychology: Altruism · Attribution · Attitudes · Conformity · Discrimination · Groups · Interpersonal relations · Obedience · Prejudice · Norms · Perception · Index · Outline Social exchange theory is a social psychological and sociological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties.
Peter Blau focused his early writings on social exchange theory more towards the economic and utilitarian perspective.
(Costs can be time, money, effort etc.) Rewards are the elements of a relationship that have positive value.
(Rewards can be sense of acceptance, support, and companionship etc.) The social-exchange perspective argues that people calculate the overall worth of a particular relationship by subtracting its costs from the rewards it provides.
As with everything dealing with the social exchange theory it has it’s outcome satisfaction and dependence of relationships.
Both parties in a social exchange take responsibility for one another and depend on each other.